DDRC SRL Departments
The department of Histopathology
The department of Histopathology is headed by the senior-most and eminent pathologist Prof.(Dr.) M. Balaraman Nair, with the able assistance of well experienced and qualified full time Consultant Pathologists. This department is known for rendering reliable reports within the minimum time limit.
The services rendered include
Histopathology reports of any biopsy within 3 days or receipt
Rapid processing and reporting within 6 hours in urgent cases(on request)
Cervical Smear (collection and reporting)
Buccal Smear for sex chromatin
Pathological autopsy, especially foetal autopsy
Second opinion on Histopathology and Cytology slides sent from various centres
Clinicopathological discussions are always encouraged, since they are absolutely essential in forming a specific diagnosis in many cases.
Department of Endocrinology
The Department of Radio Immuno Assay (RIA) provides service to the patients of Kerala and neighbouring districts of Tamil Nadu. The services include all hormonal assays and assays forimportant tumour markers. The laboratory also provides support to the Hospitals in InVitro Fertilization by monitoring hormonal levels. The assay results are given within three to four hours depending on the nature of tests and urgency of tests.
TECHNIQUE USED: Radio Immuo Assay(RIA) and ELISA
RIA: Radio Immuno Assay was developed almost simultaneously in Great Britain and the USA It has revolutionized biological sciences in general, and medical sciences in particular. Among the medical sciences, Endrocrinology and Drug Metabolism studies have been the greatest beneficiaries.
DDRC has a well equipped RIA laboratory with Autoanalyzers and many I 125 Gamma Ray Counters as well as other equipment. The laboratory has been setup as per the direction and rules and regulations of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre.
Department of Radiology
Radiology is a medical specialty that employs the use of imaging to both diagnose and treat disease visualized within the human body. Radiologists use an array of imaging technologies (such as x-ray radiography, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to diagnose or treat diseases. Interventional radiology is the performance of (usually minimally invasive) medical procedures with the guidance of imaging technologies. The acquisition of medical imaging is usually carried out by the radiographer or radiologic technologist.
Department of Biochemistry
Biochemistry has made tremendous advances over the years, resulting in a dramatic improvement in the analytical test methods and instrumentation, making it possible to deliver more accurate test results.
Using these updated facilities, the Biochemistry division of DDRC is carrying out the qualitative and quantitative analysis of body fluids such as blood, urine, spinal fluids, other body fluids and Caliculi. More than 100 test methods are used for performing routine and special tests of about 100-150 patient samples processed daily.
Department of Haematology
The Department of Haematology is run by a well experienced and well qualified team comprising of pathologists and laboratory technicians. 24hrs service is rendered for all investigations. The investigations include routine haematology tests, bone marrow study, coagulation profile, immunohaematology, pregnancy tests, urine analysis, motion analysis and semen analysis.
With the help of modern equipment viz 18 parameters Automated Counter and Quantitative Buffy Coat(QBC) System, we are able to give an accurate and reliable report on complete blood counts and blood parasites like malaria.
Samples are received from distant and nearby hospitals as well as collected at our collection centres. Only adequate and well preserved samples are accepted and others are returned as non-confirmatory. An average of 150 samples are received per day.
For proper functioning, surveillance and followup, specific registers including Quality Control are maintained promptly. Timely interaction and discussion with the clinician helps to give more reliable reports.
Department of Cytopathology
The Cytopathology department along with the department of Histopathology renders the following services:
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology(FNAC) with reports on the same day for samples arriving before 11 A.M.
Reporting on prepared FNAC/Fluid Cytology smears.
Processing of any material for cytology with reports on the next day.
Second opinion on Histopathology and Cytology slides sent from various centres.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology(fnac) and PAP test
FNAC is an integral part of specialist training programme in Pathology. It is applicable to lesions that are easily palpable, for ex: superficial growth of skin, subcutis, soft tissues, and organs such as the thyroid, breast salivary gland, superficial lymph nodes and in effusions. It is also applicable for deep seated lesions with the help of imaging modalities, for ex: the prostrate, the liver, abdominal and retroperitoneal organs.
It can quickly satisfy the avidity of clinicians for rapid diagnosis, costly days in the hospital can be saved, since a tissue diagnosis can be obtained within minutes rather than days.
It can be performed as out patients and is also highly suitable in debilitated patients, is readily repeatable and useful for multiple lesions. No anaesthesia is needed. Complications are extremely rare.
Cytology is a useful procedure for diagnosis of lung cancer and cervical cancer. By screening of sputum samples we can detect cancer of the lung. By doing a simple test(pap test) we can detect pre cancer and cancer of the uterine cervix. In addition, certain viral, bacterial protozoal infections of the cervix can also be diagnosed by doing the pap test.